Preparation of 3D Nd2O3-NiSe-Modified Nitrogen-Doped Carbon and Its Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol and Urea

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2023 Feb 22;13(5):814. doi: 10.3390/nano13050814.


Developing renewable energy sources and controlling water pollution are critical but challenging problems. Urea oxidation (UOR) and methanol oxidation (MOR), both of which have high research value, have the potential to effectively address wastewater pollution and energy crisis problems. A three-dimensional neodymium-dioxide/nickel-selenide-modified nitrogen-doped carbon nanosheet (Nd2O3-NiSe-NC) catalyst is prepared in this study by using mixed freeze-drying, salt-template-assisted technology, and high-temperature pyrolysis. The Nd2O3-NiSe-NC electrode showed good catalytic activity for MOR (peak current density ~145.04 mA cm-2 and low oxidation potential ~1.33 V) and UOR (peak current density ~100.68 mA cm-2 and low oxidation potential ~1.32 V); the catalyst has excellent MOR and UOR characteristics. The electrochemical reaction activity and the electron transfer rate increased because of selenide and carbon doping. Moreover, the synergistic action of neodymium oxide doping, nickel selenide, and the oxygen vacancy generated at the interface can adjust the electronic structure. The doping of rare-earth-metal oxides can also effectively adjust the electronic density of nickel selenide, allowing it to act as a cocatalyst, thus improving the catalytic activity in the UOR and MOR processes. The optimal UOR and MOR properties are achieved by adjusting the catalyst ratio and carbonization temperature. This experiment presents a straightforward synthetic method for creating a new rare-earth-based composite catalyst.

PMID:36903691 | PMC:PMC10005539 | DOI:10.3390/nano13050814


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