Preparation of biomass-based hydrogels and their efficient heavy metal removal from aqueous solution

Front Chem. 2022 Dec 12;10:1054286. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2022.1054286. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

In this work, a porous tobacco straw-based polyacrylic acid hydrogel STS-PAA with high adsorption performance was prepared by polymerizing pretreated waste tobacco straw (TS) with acrylic acid/potassium acrylate by UV radiation initiation. The adsorption performance of metal ions was investigated. The effects of different temperatures (25°C, 35°C, and 45°C), adsorption times (1-420 min), pH values (2.0-6.0) and initial concentrations (0.25-4.0 mmol L-1) of metal ions on the adsorption amount of heavy metal ions were investigated. The results showed that the hydrogel had a high removal rate of Pb2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ in aqueous solution. The adsorption of Pb2+ was particularly effective. When C0 = 4.0 mmol L-1, pH = 6, the equilibrium adsorption amount of Pb2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ reached 1.49 mmol g-1, 1.02 mmol L-1 and 0.94 mmol g-1, respectively. The chemical structure and morphology of the hydrogels were characterized by FT-IR, EDS, SEM and XPS. The Langmuir model fits well with the adsorption system. The kinetic data suggest the adsorption of Pb2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ follow the pseudo-first-order model. This indicates that STS-PAA adsorption of three heavy metal ions is monolayer physical adsorption. Thermodynamic analysis shows that the adsorption of Pb2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ by STS-PAA is an endothermic (ΔH>0) entropy increase (ΔS>0) non-spontaneous reaction.

PMID:36578352 | PMC:PMC9792170 | DOI:10.3389/fchem.2022.1054286

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