Process optimization for the rapid conversion of calcite into hydroxyapatite microspheres for chromatographic applications

Sci Rep. 2022 Jul 16;12(1):12164. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-16579-4.

ABSTRACT

Microsphere hydroxyapatite (HAp) is widely used in various biomedical and chromatographic applications. The work described in this manuscript focuses on a dissolution precipitation method for production of HAp microspheres. This method overcomes certain drawbacks of conventional preparation methods used for HAp preparation, which produce polydisperse particles and are time-consuming and expensive. In the present work, the calcium carbonate (calcite) particles were directly and rapidly converted into HAp microspheres using an inexpensive dissolution precipitation method. The effects of the reaction temperature, time, and mechanical stirring rates were studied, and the reaction parameters were optimized. As confirmed by the XRD studies, the higher reaction temperature and time promote complete HAp conversion, while calcite residues were observed for lower temperatures and times. SEM images show the influence of reaction parameters on the surface microstructure of the microspheres produced. It was observed that the HAp microspheres undergo disintegration at a higher stirring rate. The reaction parameters optimized in this work were ideal for preparing HAp microspheres. The resultant HAp particles were utilized as matrices for chromatographic separation of protein mixtures.

PMID:35842558 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-16579-4

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