Prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT-based radiomics combining dosiomics and dose volume histogram for head and neck cancer

EJNMMI Res. 2023 Feb 13;13(1):14. doi: 10.1186/s13550-023-00959-6.


OBJECTIVES: By comparing the prognostic performance of 18F-FDG PET/CT-based radiomics combining dose features [Includes Dosiomics feature and the dose volume histogram (DVH) features] with that of conventional radiomics in head and neck cancer (HNC), multidimensional prognostic models were constructed to investigate the overall survival (OS) in HNC.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 220 cases from four centres based on the Cancer Imaging Archive public dataset were used in this study, 2260 radiomics features and 1116 dosiomics features and 8 DVH features were extracted for each case, and classified into seven different models of PET, CT, Dose, PET+CT, PET+Dose, CT+Dose and PET+CT+Dose. Features were selected by univariate Cox and Spearman correlation coefficients, and the selected features were brought into the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-Cox model. A nomogram was constructed to visually analyse the prognostic impact of the incorporated dose features. C-index and Kaplan-Meier curves (log-rank analysis) were used to evaluate and compare these models.

RESULTS: The cases from the four centres were divided into three different training and validation sets according to the hospitals. The PET+CT+Dose model had C-indexes of 0.873 (95% CI 0.812-0.934), 0.759 (95% CI 0.663-0.855) and 0.835 (95% CI 0.745-0.925) in the validation set respectively, outperforming the rest models overall. The PET+CT+Dose model did well in classifying patients into high- and low-risk groups under all three different sets of experiments (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Multidimensional model of radiomics features combining dosiomics features and DVH features showed high prognostic performance for predicting OS in patients with HNC.

PMID:36779997 | PMC:PMC9925656 | DOI:10.1186/s13550-023-00959-6


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