Propofol attenuates odontogenic/osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells in vitro

J Dent Sci. 2022 Oct;17(4):1604-1611. doi: 10.1016/j.jds.2022.04.006. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Various studies have used stem cells in the field of bone tissue engineering to repair bone defects. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have multipotent properties and can be acquired in a noninvasive manner; therefore, they are frequently used in experiments in regenerative medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate the odontogenic/osteogenic differentiation of human DPSCs (hDPSCs) using propofol, a widely used intravenous anesthetic agent.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining was used to investigate the effects of various concentrations of propofol (5, 20, 50 and 100 μM) on the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs. Real-time qPCR and Western blot analysis were used to detect the effect of propofol on the expression of odontogenic/osteogenic genes, such as DMP1, RUNX2, OCN, and BMP2. Odontogenic/osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs was estimated at days 7 and 14.

RESULTS: ALP staining of hDPSCs was significantly decreased by propofol treatment. The mRNA expression of DMP1, RUNX2, OCN, and BMP2 decreased after propofol treatment for 14 days. The protein expression of DMP1 and BMP2 was decreased by propofol at days 7 and 14, and that of RUNX2 was decreased by propofol at day 14 only.

CONCLUSION: Propofol attenuated odontogenic/osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs in vitro. This result suggests that propofol, which is widely used for dental sedation, may inhibit the odontogenic/osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs.

PMID:36299329 | PMC:PMC9588817 | DOI:10.1016/j.jds.2022.04.006

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