PtFeCoNiCu high-entropy solid solution alloy as highly efficient electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction

iScience. 2022 Dec 28;26(1):105890. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2022.105890. eCollection 2023 Jan 20.

ABSTRACT

Searching for an efficient, durable, and low cost catalyst toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is of paramount importance for the application of fuel cell technology. Herein, PtFeCoNiCu high-entropy alloy nanoparticles (PFCNC-HEA) is reported as electrocatalyst toward ORR. It shows remarkable ORR catalytic mass activity of 1.738 A mg-1 Pt at 0.90 V, which is 15.8 times higher than that of the state-of-art commercial Pt/C catalyst. It also exhibits outstanding stability with negligible voltage decay (3 mV) after 10k cycles accelerated durability test. High ORR activity is ascribed to the ligand effect caused by polymetallic elements, the optimization of the surface electronic structure, and the formation of multiple active sites on the surface. In the proton exchange membrane fuel cell setup, this cell delivers a power density of up to 1.380 W cm-2 with a cathodic Pt loading of 0.03 mgPt cm-2, demonstrating a promising catalyst design direction for highly efficient ORR.

PMID:36691611 | PMC:PMC9860490 | DOI:10.1016/j.isci.2022.105890

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