Quick and wide-range taxonomical repertoire establishment of the cystic fibrosis lung microbiota by tandem mass spectrometry on sputum samples

Front Microbiol. 2022 Oct 13;13:975883. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.975883. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

Microorganisms proteotyping by tandem mass spectrometry has been recently shown as a powerful methodology to identify the wide-range taxonomy and biomass of microbiota. Sputum is the recommended specimen for routine microbiological monitoring of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients but has been rarely submitted to tandem mass spectrometry-based proteotyping. In this study, we compared the microbial components of spontaneous and induced sputum samples from three cystic fibrosis patients. Although the presence of microbial proteins is much lower than host proteins, we report that the microbiota’s components present in the samples can be identified, as well as host biomarkers and functional insights into the microbiota. No significant difference was found in microorganism abundance between paired spontaneous and induced sputum samples. Microbial proteins linked to resistance, iron uptake, and biofilm-forming ability were observed in sputa independently of the sampling method. This unbiased and enlarged view of the CF microbiome could be highly complementary to culture and relevant for the clinical management of CF patients by improving knowledge about the host-pathogen dynamics and CF pathophysiology.

PMID:36312921 | PMC:PMC9608366 | DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2022.975883

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