Raman amplification at 2.2 μm in silicon core fibers with prospects for extended mid-infrared source generation

Light Sci Appl. 2023 Aug 30;12(1):209. doi: 10.1038/s41377-023-01250-y.


Raman scattering provides a convenient mechanism to generate or amplify light at wavelengths where gain is not otherwise available. When combined with recent advancements in high-power fiber lasers that operate at wavelengths ~2 μm, great opportunities exist for Raman systems that extend operation further into the mid-infrared regime for applications such as gas sensing, spectroscopy, and biomedical analyses. Here, a thulium-doped fiber laser is used to demonstrate Raman emission and amplification from a highly nonlinear silicon core fiber (SCF) platform at wavelengths beyond 2 μm. The SCF has been tapered to obtain a micrometer-sized core diameter (~1.6 μm) over a length of 6 cm, with losses as low as 0.2 dB cm-1. A maximum on-off peak gain of 30.4 dB was obtained using 10 W of peak pump power at 1.99 μm, with simulations indicating that the gain could be increased to up to ~50 dB by extending the SCF length. Simulations also show that by exploiting the large Raman gain and extended mid-infrared transparency of the SCF, cascaded Raman processes could yield tunable systems with practical output powers across the 2-5 μm range.

PMID:37648683 | PMC:PMC10469167 | DOI:10.1038/s41377-023-01250-y


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