Reaction and separation system for CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid catalyzed by iridium immobilized on solid phosphines under base-free condition

iScience. 2023 Apr 22;26(5):106672. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2023.106672. eCollection 2023 May 19.


Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide (CO2) to produce formic acid (HCOOH) in base-free condition can avoid waste producing and simplify product separation process. However, it remains a big challenge because of the unfavorable energy in both thermodynamics and dynamics. Herein, we report the selective and efficient hydrogenation of CO2 to HCOOH under neutral conditions with imidazolium chloride ionic liquid as the solvent, catalyzed by a heterogeneous Ir/PPh3 compound. The heterogeneous catalyst is more effective than the homogeneous one because it is inert in catalyzing the decomposition of product. A turnover number (TON) of 12700 can be achieved, and HCOOH with a purity of 99.5% can be isolated by distillation because of the non-volatility of the solvent. Both the catalyst and imidazolium chloride can be recycled at least 5 times with stable reactivity.

PMID:37216122 | PMC:PMC10192845 | DOI:10.1016/j.isci.2023.106672


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