Reaction Rate of Hydrothermal Ammonia Production from Chicken Manure

ACS Omega. 2021 Sep 3;6(36):23442-23446. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c03418. eCollection 2021 Sep 14.

ABSTRACT

Ammonia is an important fertilizer feedstock and an expected next-generation hydrogen carrier. Thus, it is necessary to ensure effective production of ammonia from the waste biomass. In this regard, chicken manure was treated in an autoclave under hydrothermal reaction conditions, and the ammonia release rate was determined in the temperature range of 250-400 °C for holding times ranging from 2 to 120 min. A reaction network for ammonia production was proposed, and the reaction rate constants were determined. A nitrogen yield as high as 0.8 was obtained, corresponding to a hydrogen potential of 88.1 billion m3/year from chicken manure. Consequently, chicken manure was identified as a potentially favorable feedstock for ammonium production.

PMID:34549142 | PMC:PMC8444327 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.1c03418

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