Reactions of an Osmium-Hexahydride Complex with 2-Butyne and 3-Hexyne and Their Performance in the Migratory Hydroboration of Aliphatic Internal Alkynes

Organometallics. 2022 Aug 31;41(17):2513-2524. doi: 10.1021/acs.organomet.2c00338. eCollection 2022 Sep 12.


Reactions of the hexahydride OsH6(PiPr3)2 (1) with 2-butyne and 3-hexyne and the behavior of the resulting species toward pinacolborane (pinBH) have been investigated in the search for new hydroboration processes. Complex 1 reacts with 2-butyne to give 1-butene and the osmacyclopropene OsH2(η2-C2Me2)(PiPr3)2 (2). In toluene, at 80 °C, the coordinated hydrocarbon isomerizes into a η4-butenediyl form to afford OsH2(η4-CH2CHCHCH2)(PiPr3)2 (3). Isotopic labeling experiments indicate that the isomerization involves Me-to-COs hydrogen 1,2-shifts, which take place through the metal. The reaction of 1 with 3-hexyne gives 1-hexene and OsH2(η2-C2Et2)(PiPr3)2 (4). Similarly to 2, complex 4 evolves to η4-butenediyl derivatives OsH2(η4-CH2CHCHCHEt)(PiPr3)2 (5) and OsH2(η4-MeCHCHCHCHMe)(PiPr3)2 (6). In the presence of pinBH, complex 2 generates 2-pinacolboryl-1-butene and OsH{κ2-H,H-(H2Bpin)}(η2-HBpin)(PiPr3)2 (7). According to the formation of the borylated olefin, complex 2 is a catalyst precursor for the migratory hydroboration of 2-butyne and 3-hexyne to 2-pinacolboryl-1-butene and 4-pinacolboryl-1-hexene. During the hydroboration, complex 7 is the main osmium species. The hexahydride 1 also acts as a catalyst precursor, but it requires an induction period that causes the loss of 2 equiv of alkyne per equiv of osmium.

PMID:36864948 | PMC:PMC9969483 | DOI:10.1021/acs.organomet.2c00338


Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Generated by Feedzy