Remote monitoring, personnel extinguishment or helicopter extinguishment? How to control forest fires more effectively

PLoS One. 2023 Aug 10;18(8):e0289727. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0289727. eCollection 2023.


Forest fires have a great impact on the ecological environment. The government needs to take measures to control forest fires. Forest fires are easily affected by wind speed and other weather conditions, and the difficulty of extinguishing forest fires is easily affected by terrain complexity. Effective management methods can protect the important ecological functions of forests, thereby maintaining long-term development and economic efficiency. The government can put out the fire by remote monitoring, personnel extinguishing and helicopter extinguishing. Different from most articles on how to eliminate forest fires from the technical point of view, this article mainly analyzes from the two aspects of optimizing resource allocation and guiding policy formulation. This article constructs the differential game model under these three modes, and then obtains the equilibrium result. And the comparative analysis. Finally, the conclusion is drawn. The stronger the wind, the more residents need to flee. However, strong winds are not conducive to crews and helicopters fighting the fire. Rather than fighting fires, residents are more inclined to detect forest fires in time through remote monitoring. When the personnel can effectively control the fire, the personnel fire extinguishing mode is preferentially selected. Otherwise, helicopter firefighting mode should be selected.

PMID:37561693 | PMC:PMC10414624 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0289727


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