Response of selected microbial strains and their consortia to the presence of automobile paints: Biofilm growth, matrix protein content and hydrolytic enzyme activity

Saudi J Biol Sci. 2022 Aug;29(8):103347. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2022.103347. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

ABSTRACT

The goal of the current study was to examine the effects of pollutants (White color – CP; Metallic red color – FM; Thinner – CN; Thinner for rinsing paint – MF; Basic color (primer) – FH) originating from the automotive industry on the biofilm growth, matrix protein content, and activity of the hydrolytic enzymes of selected microbial strains in laboratory conditions that mimic the bioreactor conditions. The chosen microorganisms (bacteria, yeasts, and fungi) were isolated from automotive industry wastewater. Pure microbe cultures and their consortia were injected into AMB Media carriers and developed into biofilms. The use of AMB media carriers has been linked to an increase in the active surface area colonized by microorganisms. Afterwards, the carriers were transferred to Erlenmeyer flasks with nutrient media and pollutants at a concentration of 200 μL/mL. The current study found that, depending on the microbial strain, development phase, and chemical structure, the assessed pollutants had an inhibitory or stimulatory influence on the growth of single cultures and their consortia. Statistical analysis found positive correlations between the protein content in the matrix and the biofilm biomass of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and consortia in CP and FH media, respectively. The proteolytic activity of Candida utilis was very pronounced in media with MF and CN. The best alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) was achieved in the CN medium of R. mucilaginosa. Acid invertase activity was the highest in the FM and CP media of Escherichia coli and consortia, respectively, whereas the highest alkaline invertase activity was measured in the MF medium of E. coli. A positive correlation was confirmed between ALP and the biofilm biomass of R. mucilaginosa in CP and CN media, as well as between ALP and the biofilm biomass of Penicillium expansum in FM medium. The findings provide novel insights into the extracellular hydrolytic activity of the investigated microbial strains in the presence of auto paints, as well as a good platform for subsequent research into comprehensive biofilm profiling using modern methodologies.

PMID:35800142 | PMC:PMC9253408 | DOI:10.1016/j.sjbs.2022.103347

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