Asian J Pharm Sci. 2023 Jan;18(1):100770. doi: 10.1016/j.ajps.2022.11.004. Epub 2022 Dec 17.
As a non-apoptotic cell death form, ferroptosis offers an alternative approach to overcome cancer chemotherapy resistance. However, accumulating evidence indicates cancer cells can develop ferroptosis resistance by evolving antioxidative defense mechanisms. To address this issue, we prepared a Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO) loaded metal organic framework (MOF) of BSO-MOF-HA (BMH) with the combination effect of boosting oxidative damage and inhibiting antioxidative defense. MOF nanoparticle was constructed by the photosensitizer of [4,4,4,4-(porphine-5,10,15,20-tetrayl) tetrakis (benzoic acid)] (TCPP) and the metal ion of Zr6, which was further decorated with hyaluronic acid (HA) in order to impart active targeting to CD44 receptors overexpressed cancer cells. BMH exhibited a negative charge and spherical shape with average particle size about 162.5 nm. BMH was found to restore the susceptibility of 4T1 cells to ferroptosis under irradiation. This was attributed to the combination of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase inhibitor of BSO, shifting the redox balance to oxidative stress. Enhanced ferroptosis also induced the release of damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) to maturate dendritic cells and activated T lymphocytes, leading to superior anti-tumor performance in vivo. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that boosting oxidative damage with photosensitizer serves as an effective strategy to reverse ferroptosis resistance.