Rhodium nanoparticles supported on silanol-rich zeolites beyond the homogeneous Wilkinson’s catalyst for hydroformylation of olefins

Nat Commun. 2023 May 3;14(1):2531. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-38181-6.


Hydroformylation is one of the largest industrially homogeneous processes that strongly relies on catalysts with phosphine ligands such as the Wilkinson’s catalyst (triphenylphosphine coordinated Rh). Heterogeneous catalysts for olefin hydroformylation are highly desired but suffer from poor activity compared with homogeneous catalysts. Herein, we demonstrate that rhodium nanoparticles supported on siliceous MFI zeolite with abundant silanol nests are very active for hydroformylation, giving a turnover frequency as high as ~50,000 h-1 that even outperforms the classical Wilkinson’s catalyst. Mechanism study reveals that the siliceous zeolite with silanol nests could efficiently enrich olefin molecules to adjacent rhodium nanoparticles, enhancing the hydroformylation reaction.

PMID:37137908 | PMC:PMC10156763 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-023-38181-6


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