Robust Nanoparticle-Derived Lubricious Antibiofilm Coating for Difficult-to-Coat Medical Devices with Intricate Geometry

ACS Nanosci Au. 2022 Oct 28;3(1):67-83. doi: 10.1021/acsnanoscienceau.2c00040. eCollection 2023 Feb 15.


A major medical device-associated complication is the biofilm-related infection post-implantation. One promising approach to prevent this is to coat already commercialized medical devices with effective antibiofilm materials. However, developing a robust high-performance antibiofilm coating on devices with a nonflat geometry remains unmet. Here, we report the development of a facile scalable nanoparticle-based antibiofilm silver composite coating with long-term activity applicable to virtually any objects including difficult-to-coat commercially available medical devices utilizing a catecholic organic-aqueous mixture. Using a screening approach, we have identified a combination of the organic-aqueous buffer mixture which alters polycatecholamine synthesis, nanoparticle formation, and stabilization, resulting in controlled deposition of in situ formed composite silver nanoparticles in the presence of an ultra-high-molecular-weight hydrophilic polymer on diverse objects irrespective of its geometry and chemistry. Methanol-mediated synthesis of polymer-silver composite nanoparticles resulted in a biocompatible lubricious coating with high mechanical durability, long-term silver release (∼90 days), complete inhibition of bacterial adhesion, and excellent killing activity against a diverse range of bacteria over the long term. Coated catheters retained their excellent activity even after exposure to harsh mechanical challenges (rubbing, twisting, and stretching) and storage conditions (>3 months stirring in water). We confirmed its excellent bacteria-killing efficacy (>99.999%) against difficult-to-kill bacteria (Proteus mirabilis) and high biocompatibility using percutaneous catheter infection mice and subcutaneous implant rat models, respectively, in vivo. The developed coating approach opens a new avenue to transform clinically used medical devices (e.g., urinary catheters) to highly infection-resistant devices to prevent and treat implant/device-associated infections.

PMID:36820095 | PMC:PMC9936578 | DOI:10.1021/acsnanoscienceau.2c00040


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