NPJ Regen Med. 2022 Nov 3;7(1):66. doi: 10.1038/s41536-022-00254-3.
Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) are one of the leading mechanisms in the initiation and development of osteoarthritis (OA). However, conventional injection of ROS-responsive drug delivery systems (DDSs) such as nanoparticles and hydrogels usually cannot provide effective treatment due to rapid clearance and degradation or low bioavailability. In this study, a ROS-responsive nanofiber membrane named PLA/PEGDA-EDT@rGO-Fucoxanthin (PPGF) is fabricated by electrospinning, wherein PEGDA-EDT served as the ROS-responsive motif, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as the drug carrier and fucoxanthin (Fx) as the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory agent. The results demonstrated that the PPGF nanofiber membrane exhibited sustained and long-term Fx release behavior (at least 66 days) in response to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro. With low cytotoxicity and smart ROS responsiveness, PPGF showed excellent anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects on IL-1β-induced chondrocytes by potent ROS scavenging potential and upregulation of antioxidative enzymes. It also demonstrated the attenuation of OA progression with the reduced Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) score by 93.17% in 8 weeks. The smart ROS-responsive, biodegradable and biocompatible nanofiber membranes possess great potential for OA therapy under arthroscopy.