Polymers (Basel). 2023 Jul 27;15(15):3196. doi: 10.3390/polym15153196.
3D bioprinting involves using bioinks that combine biological and synthetic materials. The selection of the most appropriate cell-material combination for a specific application is complex, and there is a lack of consensus on the optimal conditions required. Plasma-loaded alginate and alginate/methylcellulose (Alg/MC) inks were chosen to study their viscoelastic behaviour, degree of recovery, gelation kinetics, and cell survival after printing. Selected inks showed a shear thinning behavior from shear rates as low as 0.2 s-1, and the ink composed of 3% w/v SA and 9% w/v MC was the only one showing a successful stacking and 96% recovery capacity. A 0.5 × 106 PANC-1 cell-laden bioink was extruded with an Inkredible 3D printer (Cellink) through a D = 410 μm tip conical nozzle into 6-well culture plates. Cylindrical constructs were printed and crosslinked with CaCl2. Bioinks suffered a 1.845 Pa maximum pressure at the tip that was not deleterious for cellular viability. Cell aggregates can be appreciated for the cut total length observed in confocal microscopy, indicating a good proliferation rate at different heights of the construct, and suggesting the viability of the selected bioink PANC-1/P-Alg3/MC9 for building up three-dimensional bioprinted pancreatic tumor constructs.