Int J Nanomedicine. 2022 Nov 15;17:5327-5338. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S380345. eCollection 2022.
INTRODUCTION: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has good biosafety and chemical stability for bone repair. However, PEEK is biologically inert and cannot promote bone apposition. This study investigated whether graphene-modified PEEK (G-PEEK) could improve cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation.
METHODS: G-PEEK was prepared by melted blending and was characterized. In vitro, the biocompatibility of G-PPEK and the ability to promote cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation in rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) were examined using live and dead cell double staining, the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, immunofluorescence and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT‒PCR). An in vivo rabbit extra-articular graft-to-bone healing model was established. At 4 and 12 weeks after surgery, CT analysis and histological evaluation were performed.
RESULTS: In vitro, G-PEEK significantly improved the adhesion and proliferation of rBMSCs, with good biocompatibility. In vivo, G-PEEK promoted new bone formation at the site of the bone defect.
CONCLUSION: G-PEEK showed excellent osteogenesis performance, which promises new applications in implant materials.