Self-Assembled Silver Nanoparticles Decorated on Exfoliated Graphitic Carbon Nitride/Carbon Sphere Nanocomposites as a Novel Catalyst for Catalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) from Wastewater and Reuse for Photocatalytic Applications

ACS Omega. 2021 Dec 13;6(51):35221-35243. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c00866. eCollection 2021 Dec 28.

ABSTRACT

Silver nanoparticles decorated on an exfoliated graphitic carbon nitride/carbon sphere (AgNP/Eg-C3N4/CS) nanocomposites were synthesized by an adsorption method with a self-assembled process. These nanoparticles were characterized by different techniques like UV-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron spectroscopy (SEM), transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and ζ potential. AgNP/Eg-C3N4/CS nanocomposites showed a higher catalytic reduction activity for the conversion of Cr(VI) into Cr(III) with formic acid (FA) at 45 °C when compared to bulk graphitic carbon nitride (Bg-C3N4, Eg-C3N4, CS, and Eg-C3N4/CS). The kinetic rate constants were determined as a function of catalyst dosage, concentration of Cr(VI), pH, and temperature for the AgNP/Eg-C3N4/CS nanocomposite. This material showed higher reduction efficiency (98.5%, k = 0.0621 min-1) with turnover frequency (0.0158 min-1) for the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). It also showed great selectivity and high stability after six repeated cycles (98.5%). Further, the reusability of the Cr(III)-AgNP/Eg-C3N4/CS nanocomposite was also investigated for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation with various time intervals and it showed good degradation efficiency (α = 97.95%). From these results, the AgNP/Eg-C3N4/CS nanocomposite demonstrated higher catalytic activity, improved environmental friendliness, lower cost for the conversion of toxic Cr(VI) to Cr(III) in solutions, and also good reusability.

PMID:34984255 | PMC:PMC8717378 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.1c00866

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