Sequential Membrane Filtration to Recover Polyphenols and Organic Acids from Red Wine Lees: The Antioxidant Properties of the Spray-Dried Concentrate

Membranes (Basel). 2022 Mar 23;12(4):353. doi: 10.3390/membranes12040353.

ABSTRACT

The vinification process produces a considerable amount of waste. Wine lees are the second most generated byproduct, representing around 14% of total vinification wastes. They are a valuable source of natural antioxidants, mainly polyphenols, as well as organic acids, such as tartaric acid. This paper deals with the application of an integrated, environment friendly membrane separation process to recover polyphenols and organic acids. A two-step membrane process is described, consisting of an ultra- and a nano-filtration process. The physicochemical and antioxidant properties of all the process streams were determined. High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) was employed for identifying certain individual organic acids and polyphenols, while the antioxidant potential was determined by the 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical) (DPPH) radical scavenging ability and ferric reducing ability. A liquid concentrate stream containing 1351 ppm of polyphenols was produced and then spray dried. The resulting powder retained most of the polyphenols and antioxidant properties and was successfully applied to a real food system to retard lipid oxidation, followed by Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) and the determination of oxymyoglobin content. The results show that membrane separation technology is an attractive alternative process for recovering value-added ingredients from wine lees.

PMID:35448323 | DOI:10.3390/membranes12040353

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