Sequential targeting biomimetic nano platform for enhanced mild photothermal therapy and chemotherapy of tumor

Comput Struct Biotechnol J. 2023 Apr 26;21:2780-2791. doi: 10.1016/j.csbj.2023.04.024. eCollection 2023.


Tumor targeting drug delivery is of significant importance for the treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) considering the presence of appreciable amount of tumor matrix and the absence of effective targets on the tumor cells. Hence in this study, a new therapeutic multifunctional nanoplatform with improved TNBC targeting ability and efficacy was constructed and used for therapy of TNBC. Specifically, curcumin loaded mesoporous polydopamine (mPDA/Cur) nanoparticles were synthesized. Thereafter, manganese dioxide (MnO2) and a hybrid of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) membranes as well as cancer cell membranes were sequentially coated on the surface of mPDA/Cur to obtain mPDA/Cur@M/CM. It was found that two distinct kinds of cell membranes were able to endow the nano platform with homologous targeting ability, thereby achieving accurate delivery of drugs. Nanoparticles gathered in the tumor matrix can loosen the tumor matrix via the photothermal effect mediated by mPDA to rupture the physical barrier of tumor, which is conducive to the penetration and targeting of drugs to tumor cells in the deep tissues. Moreover, the existence of curcumin, MnO2 and mPDA was able to promote the apoptosis of cancer cells by promoting increased cytotoxicity, enhanced Fenton-like reaction, and thermal damage, respectively. Overall, both in vitro and in vivo results showed that the designed biomimetic nanoplatform could significantly inhibit the tumor growth and thus provide an efficient novel therapeutic strategy for TNBC.

PMID:37181660 | PMC:PMC10172638 | DOI:10.1016/j.csbj.2023.04.024


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