Shielding Effect of Nanomicelles: Stable and Catalytically Active Oxidizable Pd(0) Nanoparticle Catalyst Compatible for Cross-Couplings of Water-Sensitive Acid Chlorides in Water

JACS Au. 2021 Jul 20;1(9):1506-1513. doi: 10.1021/jacsau.1c00236. eCollection 2021 Sep 27.

ABSTRACT

Under the shielding effect of nanomicelles, a sustainable micellar technology for the design and convenient synthesis of ligand-free oxidizable ultrasmall Pd(0) nanoparticles (NPs) and their subsequent catalytic exploration for couplings of water-sensitive acid chlorides in water is reported. A proline-derived amphiphile, PS-750-M, plays a crucial role in stabilizing these NPs, preventing their aggregation and oxidation state changes. These NPs were characterized using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared (IR), and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy to evaluate the carbonyl interactions of PS-750-M with Pd. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) studies were performed to reveal the morphology, particle size distribution, and chemical composition, whereas X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements unveiled the oxidation state of the metal. In the cross-couplings of water-sensitive acid chlorides with boronic acids, the micelle’s shielding effect and boronic acids plays a vital role in preventing unwanted side reactions, including the hydrolysis of acid chlorides under basic pH. This approach is scalable and the applications are showcased in multigram scale reactions.

PMID:34604859 | PMC:PMC8479868 | DOI:10.1021/jacsau.1c00236

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