Silicone Nanofilament Coatings as Flexible Catalyst Supports for a Knoevenagel Condensation Reaction in Batch and Flow Systems

ACS Omega. 2022 Oct 20;7(43):39463-39470. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c06157. eCollection 2022 Nov 1.

ABSTRACT

In this work, silicone nanofilament (SNF) coatings were prepared via a droplet-assisted growth and shaping (DAGS) approach, where the preparation of the coatings is allowed under ambient conditions. The application of SNF coatings as catalyst supports for amino moieties from (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) was investigated. With the optimized coating conditions identified, the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas of a bare glass filter substrate and bare glass beads after the coating have increased by 5-fold and 16-fold, respectively. The SNF-coated filters were readily functionalized with amino groups via a liquid-phase deposition process, and their catalytic activities for a Knoevenagel reaction were evaluated using a batch reactor and a packed bed reactor. In both reactors, the as-prepared filters demonstrated superior catalytic performance over the functionalized filters without SNF coatings. Notably, the unique flexibility of the SNF coatings allowed the facile preparation of a packed bed reactor and a scalable catalytic system. It is expected that the packed bed system established in this study will support the development and the use of various SNF-supported organocatalysts and catalytic materials.

PMID:36340143 | PMC:PMC9632255 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.2c06157

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