Simulated co-optimization of renewable energy and desalination systems in Neom, Saudi Arabia

Nat Commun. 2022 Jun 18;13(1):3514. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-31233-3.

ABSTRACT

The interdependence between the water and power sectors is a growing concern as the need for desalination increases globally. Therefore, co-optimizing interdependent systems is necessary to understand the impact of one sector on another. We propose a framework to identify the optimal investment mix for a co-optimized water-power system and apply it to Neom, Saudi Arabia. Our results show that investment strategies that consider the co-optimization of both systems result in total cost savings for the power sector compared to independent approaches. Analysis results suggest that systems with higher shares of non-dispatchable renewables experience the most significant cost reductions.

PMID:35717452 | PMC:PMC9206678 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-022-31233-3

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