Sodium phosphate solid base catalysts for production of novel biodiesel by transesterification reaction

RSC Adv. 2023 Sep 6;13(38):26700-26708. doi: 10.1039/d3ra03565d. eCollection 2023 Sep 4.


The efficient sodium phosphate (Na3PO4) solid base catalysts were prepared and applied in the production of novel biodiesel: ethylene glycol monomethyl ether monolaurate (EGMEML) by transesterification. The calcined sodium phosphate catalysts (NaP-T) were characterized using thermogravimetry analysis (TG-DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and so on. The effects of calcination temperature of Na3PO4 and main reaction parameters such as molar ratio of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) to methyl laurate (ML), dosage of catalyst, reaction time and temperature on the yield of EGMEML were examined. The results showed that the maximum yield of EGMEML could reach 90% under 120 °C within 4 h and 5 wt% of Na3PO4 calcined at 400°, and the catalysts displayed good stability and recovery. In addition, the kinetics of transesterification reaction was explored and the results showed that the transesterification reaction followed 1st order kinetics when a large excess of EGME was used, the activation energy (Ea) was found to be 40.2 kJ mol-1.

PMID:37681035 | PMC:PMC10481383 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra03565d


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