Spray Analysis of Biodiesels Derived from Various Biomass Resources in a Constant Volume Spray Chamber

ACS Omega. 2022 Jun 2;7(23):19365-19379. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c00952. eCollection 2022 Jun 14.


This research aimed to analyze the spray characteristics of various biodiesels, which have rarely been investigated in terms of spray analysis in the literature compared to fossil diesel. For this purpose, four different methyl ester-type biodiesels were produced from canola, corn, cottonseed, and sunflower oils. These feedstocks were selected due to their wide availability in Turkey and being among the significant resources for biodiesel production. Measured physical properties of biodiesel samples showed that biodiesel fuels had, on average, 1.7 to 1.9 times higher viscosities, 5.3 to 6.6% larger densities, and 37 to 39.1% higher contact angle values than the reference diesel fuel. Spray characteristics of all fuels were experimentally examined in a constant volume spray chamber under chamber pressures of 0, 5, 10, and 15 bar and injection pressures of 600, 800, and 1000 bar. All tested biodiesels performed, on average, 3 to 20% longer spray penetration lengths, 5 to 30% narrower spray cone angles, and 5-18% lesser spray areas than the reference diesel fuel under chamber pressures of 5 and 10 bar. No significant differences occurred at 15 bar ambient pressure between biodiesels and diesel. In addition, analytical and empirical predictions showed that biodiesels had around 21.2-35.1% larger SMD values and approximately 7% lower air entrainment.

PMID:35721991 | PMC:PMC9202015 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.2c00952


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