Strategies for the application of metal-organic frameworks in catalytic reactions

RSC Adv. 2022 Mar 31;12(16):10114-10125. doi: 10.1039/d2ra01175a. eCollection 2022 Mar 25.

ABSTRACT

Efficient catalysts play crucial roles in various organic reactions and polymerization. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have the merits of ultrahigh porosity, large surface area, dispersed polymetallic sites and modifiable linkers, which make them promising candidates for catalyzation. This review primarily summarizes the recent research progress on diverse strategies for tailoring MOFs that are endowed with excellent catalytic behavior. These strategies include utilizing MOFs as nanosized reaction channels, metal nodes decorated as catalytic active sites and the modification of ligands or linkers. All these make them highly attractive to various applications, especially in catalyzing organic reactions or polymerizations and they have proven to be effective catalysts for a wide variety of reactions. MOFs are still an evolving field with tremendous prospects; therefore, through the research and development of more modification and regulation strategies, MOFs will realize their wider practical application in the future.

PMID:35424941 | PMC:PMC8968187 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra01175a

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