Sustainable Food and Agriculture: Employment of Renewable Energy Technologies

Curr Robot Rep. 2022 May 17:1-11. doi: 10.1007/s43154-022-00080-x. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSEOF REVIEW: According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a large portion of the various activities in the agriculture and food supply chain (AFSC) are extremely dependent on fossil fuels and contribute to 24% of the total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

RECENT FINDINGS: There are several strategies to reduce GHG emissions and mitigate the associated destructive impacts. Among them, substituting fossil fuels with alternative low-carbon energy sources has received remarkable attention.

SUMMARY: The core concept of this study is to explore the relationship between food security, sustainable development, and renewable energy. Renewable energy has shown promising potential for integration into a wide range of agricultural activities and offers an alternative sustainable solution to current practices. In modern agriculture, the need for electrification has increased, with electric tractors and agricultural robots accounting for a large share, which represents a great opportunity for the use of renewable technologies in this sector. As new technologies emerge, investors need to familiarize themselves with them. Further technical improvements, cost reductions, and government incentives can facilitate the real-world deployment of sustainable renewable technologies in agriculture and food production.

PMID:35600253 | PMC:PMC9113619 | DOI:10.1007/s43154-022-00080-x

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