Sci Rep. 2023 Aug 21;13(1):13570. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40870-7.
This work designs a powerful new nonlinear control technique using synergetic control (SC), proportional-integral (PI) controller, and genetic algorithm (GA) for multi-rotor wind energy (MRWE) conversion systems, whereby an asynchronous generator (AG) is used to achieve optimal energy extraction. The direct power control (DPC) technique is used based on the proposed SC-PI-GA (SPI-GA) technique to control the AG-based MRWE system, where this new nonlinear control technique is used to achieve stable control characteristics under random changes in wind speed and to provide great robustness against modeling uncertainties. Moreover, the pulse width modulation (PWM) technique is used to control the AG inverter due to its simplicity and ease of implementation. In this proposed DPC-SPI-GA technique, we need to measure current and voltage to estimate the active power and the reactive power. Also, inner loops are not used in this proposed DPC-SPI-GA technique as is the case in the field-oriented control (FOC) technique, where the proposed system in this work is characterized by an integrated structure. Three different tests are proposed to study and verify the behavior of the designed DPC-SPI-GA strategy compared to the traditional DPC technique.