Molecules. 2023 Feb 3;28(3):1515. doi: 10.3390/molecules28031515.
Ten novel bifunctional quaternary ammonium salt phase-transfer organocatalysts were synthesized in four steps from (+)-camphor-derived 1,3-diamines. These quaternary ammonium salts contained either (thio)urea or squaramide hydrogen bond donor groups in combination with either trifluoroacetate or iodide as the counteranion. Their organocatalytic activity was evaluated in electrophilic heterofunctionalizations of β-keto esters and in the Michael addition of a glycine Schiff base with methyl acrylate. α-Fluorination and chlorination of β-keto esters proceeded with full conversion and low enantioselectivities (up to 29% ee). Similarly, the Michael addition of a glycine Schiff base with methyl acrylate proceeded with full conversion and up to 11% ee. The new catalysts have been fully characterized; the stereochemistry at the C-2 chiral center was unambiguously determined.
PMID:36771181 | DOI:10.3390/molecules28031515