Synthesis and characterization of folate-functionalized silica-based materials and application for bioimaging of cancer cells

Heliyon. 2023 Jan 23;9(2):e13207. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13207. eCollection 2023 Feb.


Early-stage detection is a vital factor in the later treatment and prognosis of cancer. Enhancing the sensitivity and specificity of the cancer detection pathological and experimental approaches can affect the morbidity and mortality of this disease. A folic acid (FA)-functionalized silica quantum dots (SiQDs)/KCC-NH2@SiO2 nanomaterials were synthesized and characterized as a bioimaging agent of the MCF 7 cancer cells. These nanoparticles showed biocompatible nature with specificity towards folate receptor (FR)-overexpressed MCF 7 cancer cells. Viability findings suggested that the SiQDs/KCC-NH2@SiO2/FA nanomaterials have nontoxic nature towards the cells in the concentration of 200 μg/mL. Fluorescence microscopy images were utilized to estimate the cell internalization of the nanoparticles and further verified by the flow cytometry technique. The differentiation ability of the nanoparticles was also approved by incubation with FR-negative HEK 293 normal cells. The SiQDs/KCC-NH2@SiO2/FA nanoparticle exhibited high stability, bright and high quantum yield fluorescence emission, proposing as a high-quality material for in vivo bioimaging of FR-overexpressed circulating tumoral cancer cells (CTCs).

PMID:36747548 | PMC:PMC9898064 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13207


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