Synthesis and characterization of Se doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles for catalytic and biological properties

Sci Rep. 2023 Jan 18;13(1):1007. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-28284-x.

ABSTRACT

In this study, Se-doped Fe3O4 with antibacterial properties was synthesized using by a coprecipitation method. The chemistry and morphology of the Se doped Fe3O4 nanocomposite were characterized by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller spectroscopy. The antibacterial activity of the Fe3O4/Se nanocomposite was examined against G+ (Gram-positive) and G- (Gram-negative) bacteria, in the order Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Escherichia coli, which are the most harmful and dangerous bacteria. Fe3O4/Se, as a heterogeneous catalyst, was successfully applied to the synthesis of pyrazolopyridine and its derivatives via a one-pot four-component reaction of ethyl acetoacetate, hydrazine hydrate, ammonium acetate, and various aromatic aldehydes. Fe3O4/Se was easily separated from the bacteria-containing solution using a magnet. Its admissible magnetic properties, crystalline structure, antibacterial activity, mild reaction conditions, and green synthesis are specific features that have led to the recommendation of the use of Fe3O4/Se in the water treatment field and medical applications. Direct Se doping of Fe3O4 was successfully realized without additional complicated procedures.

PMID:36653396 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-28284-x

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