Synthesis and characterization of silver-indium and antimony selenide: role in photocatalytic degradation of dyes

Heliyon. 2022 Oct 14;8(10):e11088. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11088. eCollection 2022 Oct.

ABSTRACT

These days, water contamination poses a severe threat to the ecosystem and demands immediate care. This study examined the need to reduce water pollution using clean, renewable energy (solar light irradiations) for the degradation of Congo red by Silver-indium and antimony selenide with chemical composition AgInSbSe3. The sample was fabricated through a hydrothermal technique. The synthesized sample was characterized through X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Ultraviolet-Visible spectroscopy. The X-ray diffraction confirms crystalline structure of the synthesized sample. The SEM analysis reveals irregular grains and exhibits a very small inter-particle distance. SEM provides the morphology of the synthesized sample, the grain size of the synthesized sample was 0.58 μm. FTIR results revealed specific absorption bands in the range of 400-4000 cm-1; optical properties are studied through UV-Vis-spectroscopy. The synthesized sample has 1.97 eV bandgap which is suitable for degradation of organic pollutants. The photocatalytic activity of the material is checked by degrading the Congo red dye under direct sunlight irradiation and for the 75 min illumination 77.8% degradation efficiency is attained.

PMID:36281382 | PMC:PMC9586916 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11088

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