J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces. 2023 Apr 17;127(16):7792-7807. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c08352. eCollection 2023 Apr 27.
For mixed MoW carbide catalysts, the relationship between synthesis conditions, evolution of (mixed) phases, extent of mixing, and catalytic performance of supported Mo/W carbides remains unclear. In this study, we prepared a series of carbon nanofiber-supported mixed Mo/W-carbide catalysts with varying Mo and W compositions using either temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) or carbothermal reduction (CR). Regardless of the synthesis method, all bimetallic catalysts (Mo:W bulk ratios of 1:3, 1:1, and 3:1) were mixed at the nanoscale, although the Mo/W ratio in individual nanoparticles varied from the expected bulk values. Moreover, the crystal structures of the produced phases and nanoparticle sizes differed depending on the synthesis method. When using the TPR method, a cubic carbide (MeC1-x ) phase with 3-4 nm nanoparticles was obtained, while a hexagonal phase (Me2C) with 4-5 nm nanoparticles was found when using the CR method. The TPR-synthesized carbides exhibited higher activity for the hydrodeoxygenation of fatty acids, tentatively attributed to a combination of crystal structure and particle size.
PMID:37144043 | PMC:PMC10150395 | DOI:10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c08352