Nanomaterials (Basel). 2023 Feb 20;13(4):778. doi: 10.3390/nano13040778.
Cu-based nanomaterials have been widely considered to be promising electrocatalysts for the direct conversion of CO2 to high-value hydrocarbons. However, poor selectivity and slow kinetics have hindered the use of Cu-based catalysts for large-scale industrial applications. In this work, we report on a tunable Cu-based synthesis strategy using a dynamic hydrogen bubble template (DHBT) coupled with a sputtered Ag thin film for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to ethanol. Remarkably, the introduction of Ag into the base of the three-dimensional (3D) Cu nanostructure induced changes in the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) pathway, which resulted in the generation of ethanol with high Faradaic Efficiency (FE). This observation was further investigated through Tafel and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic analyses. The rational design of the electrocatalyst was shown to promote the spillover of formed CO intermediates from the Ag sites to the 3D porous Cu nanostructure for further reduction to C2 products. Finally, challenges toward the development of multi-metallic electrocatalysts for the direct catalysis of CO2 to hydrocarbons were elucidated, and future perspectives were highlighted.
PMID:36839146 | PMC:PMC9959227 | DOI:10.3390/nano13040778