RSC Adv. 2022 Oct 27;12(47):30712-30721. doi: 10.1039/d2ra05849a. eCollection 2022 Oct 24.
A catalyst-free and green chemical method has been developed for the methylenation of indole and N-methyl-7-aza indoles with aqueous formaldehyde afforded respective N,N’-dimethyl-3,3′-bis-7-azaindolylmethanes under microwave irradiation in excellent yield. Subsequent oxidation of the products thus obtained, using one electron chemical oxidant CAN afforded N,N’-dimethyl-3,3′-bis-7-azaindolylmethanone derivatives in excellent yield. This resulted in methanone derivatives with halogen substitution at the aryl ring which when subjected to Suzuki coupling with aryl boronic acids furnished highly functionalized fluorescent biaryl derivatives. Plausible mechanisms, characterization including XRD, and evaluation of photophysical properties of the Suzuki coupled products are described.