Synthesis of CoFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles for application in photocatalytic removal of azithromycin from wastewater

Sci Rep. 2022 Nov 10;12(1):19171. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-21231-2.

ABSTRACT

Azithromycin is one of the most widely used antibiotics in medicine prescribed for various infectious diseases such as COVID-19. A significant amount of this drug is always disposed of in hospital effluents. In this study, the removal of azithromycin using Cobalt-Ferrite magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) is investigated in the presence of UV light. For this purpose, magnetic nanoparticles are synthesized and added to the test samples as a catalyst in specific proportions. To determine the structural and morphological properties of nanoparticles, characterization tests including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM), and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) are performed. 27 runs have been implemented based on the design of experiments using the Box-Behnken Design (BBD) method. Parameters are the initial concentration of azithromycin (20-60 mg/L), contact time (30-90 min), pH (6-10), and the dose of magnetic nanoparticles (20-60 mg/L). The obtained model interprets test results with high accuracy (R2 = 0.9531). Also, optimization results by the software show that the contact time of 90 min, MNP dosage of 60 mg/L, pH value of 6.67, and azithromycin initial concentration of 20 mg/L leads to the highest removal efficiency of 89.71%. These numbers are in the range of other studies in this regard.

PMID:36357406 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-21231-2

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