Synthesis of Ilmenite Nickel Titanite-Supported Carbon Nanofibers Derived from Polyvinylpyrrolidone as Photocatalyst for H2 Production from Ammonia Borane Photohydrolysis

Polymers (Basel). 2023 Jul 31;15(15):3262. doi: 10.3390/polym15153262.


The present study involves the synthesis of photocatalytic composite nanofibers (NFs) comprising ilmenite nickel titanite-supported carbon nanofibers (NiTiO3/TiO2@CNFs) using an electrospinning process. The photocatalytic composite NFs obtained were utilized in hydrogen (H2) production from the photohydrolysis of ammonia borane (AB). The experimental findings show that the photocatalytic composite NFs with a loading of 25 mg had a good catalytic performance for H2 generation, producing the stoichiometric H2 in 11 min using 1 mmol AB under visible light at 25 °C and 1000 rpm. The increase in catalyst load to 50, 75, and 100 mg leads to a corresponding reduction in the reaction time to 7, 5, and 4 min. The findings from the kinetics investigations suggest that the rate of the photohydrolysis reaction is directly proportional to the amount of catalyst in the reaction system, adhering to a first-order reaction rate. Furthermore, it was observed that the reaction rate remains unaffected by the concentration of AB, thereby suggesting a reaction of zero order. Increasing the reaction temperature results in a decrease in the duration of the photohydrolysis reaction. Furthermore, an estimated activation energy value of 35.19 kJ mol-1 was obtained. The composite nanofibers demonstrated remarkable and consistent effectiveness throughout five consecutive cycles. The results suggest that composite NFs possess the capacity to function as a feasible substitute for costly catalysts in the process of H2 generation from AB.

PMID:37571156 | PMC:PMC10422570 | DOI:10.3390/polym15153262


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