Synthesis of Silver Nanowires Using a Polyvinylpyrrolidone-Free Method with an Alpinia zerumbet Leaf Based on the Oriented Attachment Mechanism

ACS Omega. 2023 Jan 4;8(2):2237-2242. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c06481. eCollection 2023 Jan 17.

ABSTRACT

In this study, silver nanowires (AgNWs) were successfully synthesized by using a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-free hydrothermal method with an Alpinia zerumbet leaf chunk as a reducing agent and template. Meanwhile, the mechanism of biomass synthesis of AgNWs is also explored. The AgNWs have a diameter of ∼77 nm and a length of ∼10 μm. During the hydrothermal process, the biomass initially serves as a reducing agent to reduce silver ions. As the reaction proceeds, the biomass will form a pipe-shaped soft template by hydrothermal carbonization. Silver ions are adsorbed and reduced along the pipe-shaped soft templates to form silver nanorods, and adjacent nanorods are merged to AgNWs. Thus, AgNWs are grown along the pipeline soft template based on the oriented attachment mechanism. Inspired by this, the mechanism of the polyol method was further investigated. In the initial growth stage, AgNWs synthesized by the polyol method have a V-shaped notch. Therefore, AgNWs synthesized by the polyol method may also grow on the basis of the oriented attachment mechanism with PVP as a template.

PMID:36687036 | PMC:PMC9850736 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.2c06481

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