Taxonomic and enzymatic basis of the cellulolytic microbial consortium KKU-MC1 and its application in enhancing biomethane production

Sci Rep. 2023 Feb 20;13(1):2968. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-29895-0.


Lignocellulosic biomass is a promising substrate for biogas production. However, its recalcitrant structure limits conversion efficiency. This study aims to design a microbial consortium (MC) capable of producing the cellulolytic enzyme and exploring the taxonomic and genetic aspects of lignocellulose degradation. A diverse range of lignocellulolytic bacteria and degrading enzymes from various habitats were enriched for a known KKU-MC1. The KKU-MC1 was found to be abundant in Bacteroidetes (51%), Proteobacteria (29%), Firmicutes (10%), and other phyla (8% unknown, 0.4% unclassified, 0.6% archaea, and the remaining 1% other bacteria with low predominance). Carbohydrate-active enzyme (CAZyme) annotation revealed that the genera Bacteroides, Ruminiclostridium, Enterococcus, and Parabacteroides encoded a diverse set of cellulose and hemicellulose degradation enzymes. Furthermore, the gene families associated with lignin deconstruction were more abundant in the Pseudomonas genera. Subsequently, the effects of MC on methane production from various biomasses were studied in two ways: bioaugmentation and pre-hydrolysis. Methane yield (MY) of pre-hydrolysis cassava bagasse (CB), Napier grass (NG), and sugarcane bagasse (SB) with KKU-MC1 for 5 days improved by 38-56% compared to non-prehydrolysis substrates, while MY of prehydrolysed filter cake (FC) for 15 days improved by 56% compared to raw FC. The MY of CB, NG, and SB (at 4% initial volatile solid concentration (IVC)) with KKU-MC1 augmentation improved by 29-42% compared to the non-augmentation treatment. FC (1% IVC) had 17% higher MY than the non-augmentation treatment. These findings demonstrated that KKU-MC1 released the cellulolytic enzyme capable of decomposing various lignocellulosic biomasses, resulting in increased biogas production.

PMID:36804594 | PMC:PMC9941523 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-29895-0


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