Heliyon. 2022 Dec 15;8(12):e12233. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12233. eCollection 2022 Dec.
Carbon capture has become a very important method for curbing the problems associated with the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which in turn has detrimental effects on the planet and its inhabitants. Ionic liquids and membrane separation have been explored in this review paper as effective means of capturing carbon dioxide. An innovative approach to CO2 capture is the use of Ionic liquids (ILs) since they exhibit certain significant traits such as good stability (thermal, mechanical and chemical), inflammability and high absorptive capacities. Ionic liquids (ILs) are widely regarded as nontoxic substances. Viscosity and thermal degradation of ILs at temperatures slightly above 100 °C are the major disadvantages of ILs. Membrane separation is a technique used for the effective separation of substances by materials bearing holes in a continuous structure. Membrane technology has gained significant improvements, over the years. Several ILs and membrane systems were considered in this work. Their weaknesses, strengths, permeability, selectivity, operating conditions and carbon capture efficiencies, were all highlighted in order to gain a good perspective on ways by which the individual systems can be improved upon. The study considered several polymer-Ionic liquid hybrid materials as viable options for CO2 capture from a post-combustion process. Different ILs were scrutinized for possible integration in membranes by taking full advantage of their individual properties and harnessing their tune-able characteristics in order to improve the overall carbon capture performance of the system. Several options for improving the mechanical, chemical, and thermal stabilities of the hybrid systems were considered including the use of cellulose acetate membrane, nanoparticles (graphene oxide powder) alongside potential ionic liquids. Doping membranes with ILs and nanoparticulates such as graphene oxide serves as a potential method for enhancing the CO2 capture of membranes and this review provides several evidences that serve as proofs for this concept.