Plants (Basel). 2023 Feb 15;12(4):877. doi: 10.3390/plants12040877.
Cadmium (Cd), which is present in zinc (Zn) ore, is a toxic metal and causes contamination globally. Phytoremediation is a promising technology for the remediation of sites with low and moderate contamination. Temperature is an important factor in phytoremediation because it has an impact on both plant biomass and the accumulation of heavy metals. However, little is known about the influence of temperature on heavy metal accumulation by the Cd and Zn hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri ssp. gemmifera. The effect of temperature on the distribution of Cd and Zn in A. halleri ssp. gemmifera and the mechanism of metal removal from solution were investigated in this study. Our results showed that the temperature dependence of the distribution of Cd and Zn in the plant was different, which may suggest that the mechanisms of xylem loading were different between Cd and Zn. Although Cd and Zn have partially similar transport pathways, the removal kinetics based on the first-order reaction rate constant revealed that the temperature which maximized rate of absorption was different between Cd and Zn. This study suggests a potential for efficient Cd phytoextraction using A. halleri ssp gemmifera in Cd and Zn co-existing environments.
PMID:36840224 | PMC:PMC9966424 | DOI:10.3390/plants12040877