Template Method for Synthesizing Hierarchically Porous MIL-101(Cr) for Efficient Removal of Large Molecular Dye

Materials (Basel). 2022 Aug 20;15(16):5763. doi: 10.3390/ma15165763.

ABSTRACT

As one of the most important prototypical chromium-based MOFs, MIL-101(Cr) is well-studied and widely employed in various scientific fields. However, due to its small capture window sizes and curved internal apertures, its application in large molecular removal is quite limited, and given its high stability and high synthetic temperature (>200 °C), it is difficult to achieve hierarchically porous MIL-101(Cr). In our study, hierarchically porous MIL-101(Cr) involving a high macro-/meso-/micropores ratio was designed and synthesized using acetic acid as an additive and silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles as a template. The optimal hierarchically porous MIL-101(Cr) (A-4) possessed a high specific surface area (2693 m2 g-1) and an abundant macro-/mesoporous structure with the addition of SiO2 of 200 mg. Compared with the control sample (A-0) with a less macro-/mesoporous structure, A-4 showed good adsorption properties for both coomassie brilliant blue R-250 (CBB, 82.1 mg g-1) and methylene blue (MB, 34.3 mg g-1) dyes, which were 1.36 times and 9.37 times higher than those of A-0. Moreover, A-4 also had good recyclability, and the removal rate of CBB was still higher than 85% after five cycles of adsorption.

PMID:36013899 | PMC:PMC9416310 | DOI:10.3390/ma15165763

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