Chin J Acad Radiol. 2022 Oct 11:1-9. doi: 10.1007/s42058-022-00104-7. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate manifestations of the gastric wall and related risk factors in COVID-19 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms by CT.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and forty patients diagnosed with COVID-19 by RT-PCR were enrolled from January 2020 to April 2020. Patients showed gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Results of the initial laboratory examination were performed after admission. Chest CT was performed for all patients, with the lower bound including the gastric antrum. The volume of COVID-19 and lungs was segmented, and the ratio was calculated as follows: PV/LV = Volumepneumonia/Volumelungs.
RESULTS: Among the 240 patients, 109 presented with gastric wall edema (edema group), and 131 showed no gastric wall edema (non-edema group); the PV/LV values between the two groups were significantly different (P = 0.002). Univariate analysis revealed the following: fibrinogen (Fib), thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and albumin (ALB) significantly differed between the two groups (P < 0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that only APTT had a negative effect on gastric wall edema (P = 0.003).
CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 invades the gastrointestinal tract, gastric wall edema is the primary CT manifestation, and gastric wall edema is more likely to occur with a shorter APTT and severe pneumonia, with a slightly longer hospitalization time. Patients with gastric wall edema observed by CT should intervene early, which may improve digestive function, and further strengthen immune potency against COVID-19.