The efficient removal of congo red and ciprofloxacin by peony seeds shell activated carbon with ultra-high specific surface area

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2023 Feb 28:1-14. doi: 10.1007/s11356-023-26146-7. Online ahead of print.


Preparation of high-performance activated carbon from agroforestry waste biomass can effectively improve the shortcomings of traditional biomass carbon performance. Using the waste biomass peony seeds shell (PSS) as the precursors in this study, high performance activated carbon was prepared by the KOH two-step activation method and used to remove congo red (CR) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) in water pollution. The obtained PSS-based activated carbons (PSACs) were characterized by SEM, EDS, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, FTIR, and XRD methods. The results showed that the activated carbon at 700 °C (PSAC-700) had an ultra-high specific surface area (2980.96 m2/g), excellent micropore volume (1.12 cm3/g), and abundant surface functional groups. The results of adsorption performance revealed that PSAC-700 exhibited excellent adsorption capacity for CR (qmax = 2003.2 mg/g) and CIP (qmax = 782.3 mg/g), which was superior to the carbon-based adsorbents reported reviously in the literature. Langmuir model could well describe the adsorption process of PSACs for CR and CIP, indicating that the pollutant molecules were uniformly adsorbed on the surface monolayer. The regeneration experiment suggested that after three cycles, the adsorption capacities of PSAC-700 for CR and CIP reached 1814 mg/g and 697 mg/g, respectively, with good repeatability. The preparation of PSAC-700 in this study has high adsorption capacity and strong application, which is an ideal material for wastewater purification adsorbent and has broad application prospect.

PMID:36853543 | PMC:PMC9973249 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-023-26146-7


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