The Microbiology of Non-aeruginosa Pseudomonas Isolated From Adults With Cystic Fibrosis: Criteria to Help Determine the Clinical Significance of Non-aeruginosa Pseudomonas in CF Lung Pathology

Br J Biomed Sci. 2022 Jun 8;79:10468. doi: 10.3389/bjbs.2022.10468. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There is a paucity of reports on non-aeruginosa Pseudomonas (NAPs) in cystic fibrosis, hence this study wished 1). to examine the diversity/frequency of NAPs in an adult CF population, 2) to compare/contrast the microbiology and genomics of NAPs to P. aeruginosa and 3) to propose clinical and laboratory criteria to help determine their clinical significance in CF lung pathology. Materials and Methods: Microbiological data was examined from 100 adult patients with cystic fibrosis from birth to present (31/12/2021), equating to 2455 patient years. 16S rDNA phylogenetic relatedness of NAPs was determined, as well as bioinformatical comparison of whole genomes of P. aeruginosa against P. fluorescens. Results: Ten species were isolated from this patient cohort during this time period, with three species, i.e., P. fluorescens, P. putida and P. stutzeri, accounting for the majority (87.5%) of non-aeruginosa reports. This is the first report of the isolation of P. fragi, P. nitroreducens, P. oryzihabitans and P. veronii in patients with cystic fibrosis. The mean time to first detection of any non-aeruginosa species was 183 months (15.25 years) [median = 229 months (19.1 years)], with a range from 11 months to 338 months (28.2 years). Several of the NAPs were closely related to P. aeruginosa. Discussion: NAPs were isolated infrequently and were transient colonisers of the CF airways, in those patients with CF in which they were isolated. A set of ten clinical and laboratory criteria are proposed to provide key indicators, as to the clinical importance of the non-aeruginosa species isolated.

PMID:35951661 | PMC:PMC9302546 | DOI:10.3389/bjbs.2022.10468

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