Yonsei Med J. 2023 Sep;64(9):566-572. doi: 10.3349/ymj.2023.0071.
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to identify the prevalence and clinical characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in South Korea using the Korean National Health Insurance database (DB).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS)’s research DB (NHIS-2021-1-790) from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019, to make customized DB including sociodemographic information and absence or presence of BPD and other psychiatric disorders. The prevalence and the age of onset of BPD was estimated. To compare medical service utilization between the BPD group and the control group, a 1:1:1 propensity score matching was employed, and the regression analysis was conducted.
RESULTS: The prevalence of BPD per 10000 people was 0.96 in 2010 and 1.06 in 2019. The prevalence ratio of males to females was 1:1.38 in 2010 and 1:1.65 in 2019, showing that BPD was more prevalent in females. The patients’ overall average age of onset was 33.19±14.6 years, with the highest prevalence shown in 8503 people in their 20s. By administrative district, the highest prevalence of BPD per 10000 people was shown in Seoul with 8.71 and the lowest in Jeollanam-do with 2.35. The BPD patients showed a pattern of extensive use of general and mental healthcare services.
CONCLUSION: This study identified the prevalence of BPD on a national DB set in South Korea. Although the prevalence of BPD in South Korea was relatively low compared to other countries, there was a steady increase in the number of BPD patients over a decade, which may be possibly due to an increased awareness of mental health and campaigns among healthcare providers and users in the country.