RSC Adv. 2023 Jan 4;13(2):1094-1105. doi: 10.1039/d2ra06333f. eCollection 2023 Jan 3.
The development of new bio-based cryogel materials with low environmental impact and various properties such as self-healing, flame-retardancy, low thermal conductivity has emerged as a cutting-edge research topic in special-purpose materials and a significant challenge. Herein, we report a simple processing methodology for preparing new mesoporous light weight thermal insulation biomass hybrid cryogels based on natural and biocompatible polymers, including marine glycosaminoglycan carrageenan moss (CM) and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) abbreviated as CM/PMMA under cryo conditions. The mechanical, thermal, and physicochemical characterization of the obtained hybrid cryogel was studied. The effect of increasing thickness on thermal conductivity and compressive strength was investigated. The results show that the thermal conductivity increases from 0.068 W m-1 K-1 to 0.124 W m-1 K-1 with increasing thickness. Also, the compressive strength changed from 89.5% MPa to 95.4% MPa. The results revealed that cryogel has a wrinkled surface and interconnected pores and exhibits high flexibility, self-healing ability, flame retardancy, and low thermal conductivity.