ACS Mater Au. 2022 May 5;2(5):596-601. doi: 10.1021/acsmaterialsau.2c00014. eCollection 2022 Sep 14.
In this work, we demonstrate the use of direct ink writing (DIW) technology to create 3D catalytic electrodes for electrochemical applications. Hybrid MoS2/graphene aerogels are made by mixing commercially available MoS2 and graphene oxide powders into a thixotropic, high concentration, viscous ink. A porous 3D structure of 2D graphene sheets and MoS2 particles was created after post treatment by freeze-drying and reducing graphene oxide through annealing. The composition and morphology of the samples were fully characterized through XPS, BET, and SEM/EDS. The resulting 3D printed MoS2/graphene aerogel electrodes had a remarkable electrochemically active surface area (>1700 cm2) and were able to achieve currents over 100 mA in acidic media. Notably, the catalytic activity of the MoS2/graphene aerogel electrodes was maintained with minimal loss in surface area compared to the non-3D printed electrodes, suggesting that DIW can be a viable method of producing durable electrodes with a high surface area for water splitting. This demonstrates that 3D printing a MoS2/graphene 3D porous network directly using our approach not only improves electrolyte dispersion and facilitates catalyst utilization but also provides multidimensional electron transport channels for improving electronic conductivity.
PMID:36855624 | PMC:PMC9928410 | DOI:10.1021/acsmaterialsau.2c00014